OUR CORE RESEARCH PROGRAMS
Marine Conservation Action
This program supports research that takes direct action to conserve biodiversity in marine ecosystems, focusing on keystone species. We define marine ecology as relationships among aquatic organisms and their interactions with the abiotic environment. We define keystone species as primarily apex predators that in small number have correspondingly enormous positive impacts on whole food webs. We define marine ecosystems as oceans, seas, and coastal areas, including estuaries. Marine ecology includes climate-change impacts on ocean acidification, marine carbon sequestration, sea-level rise, and effects of human use of natural resources on marine food webs.
Biodiversity Conservation Action
This research initiative supports projects in seven primary ecosystems: tundra, taiga, temperate deciduous forest, tropical rain forest, grassland, marine, and desert, with a research focus in doing science that takes direct, measurable action to conserve ecosystems and protect the life they contain from extinction.
This research initiative supports research that restores degraded ecosystems and improves human health and wellbeing. EcoHealth is a field of research created to address this global challenge that focuses on how changes in ecosystems affect human health. This interdisciplinary field examines how changes in ecological, physical, social, and economic environments impact human health and wellbeing.
Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry Action
This research initiative supports research on agricultural and forestry practices that take action to improve ecosystem services in a changing world, increase carbon sequestration, and create ecosystems more resilient to climate change through an adaptive management approach rooted in best science.
Ecological Restoration Action
This research initiative supports research that takes action to create resilient ecosystems in a changing world by assisting the recovery of ecosystems that have been degraded, damaged, or destroyed. This includes projects that entail active human intervention and action, and within an adaptive management context. In Indigenous communities, it must incorporate Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK), defined as knowledge and practices passed orally from generation to generation informed by strong cultural memories, sensitivity to change, and values that include reciprocity.
Urban Resiliency Action
This research initiative supports research that takes action to create more resilient urban ecosystems in a changing world. We seek projects that focus on the relationships among organisms, humans, and their surroundings in an urban environment, and that take action to address climate change, anthropogenic impacts on land-use and land-cover change in urban systems. This initiative will support development of tools to monitor interactions between humans and urban ecosystems, including innovative data collection (e.g., apps), and integration of local K-12 STEM education, citizen science, and Traditional Ecological Knowledge.
Traditional Ecological Knowledge Action
This research initiative supports research by Indigenous scientists on projects that will take measurable action to address global change in agricultural and forest ecosystems by incorporating Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK), defined as knowledge and practices passed orally from generation to generation informed by strong cultural memories, sensitivity to change, and values that include reciprocity. De-colonizing science by incorporating TEK into science-based action to restore lands and the flora and fauna they contain is essential to heal the damage done ecologically and socially by colonialism.