Research Areas | Types of Research Opportunities


Marine Conservation Action

This program supports research that takes direct action to conserve biodiversity in marine ecosystems, focusing on keystone species. We define marine ecology as relationships among aquatic organisms and their interactions with the abiotic environment. We define keystone species as primarily apex predators that in small number have correspondingly enormous positive impacts on whole food webs. We define marine ecosystems as oceans, seas, and coastal areas, including estuaries. Marine ecology includes climate-change impacts on ocean acidification, marine carbon sequestration, sea-level rise, and effects of human use of natural resources on marine food webs.

Biodiversity Conservation Action

This program supports projects in seven primary ecosystems: tundra, taiga, temperate deciduous forest, tropical rain forest, grassland, marine, and desert, with a research focus in doing science that takes direct, measurable action to conserve ecosystems and protect the life they contain from extinction.

EcoHealth Action

This program supports research that restores degraded ecosystems and improves human health and wellbeing. EcoHealth is a field of research created to address this global challenge that focuses on how changes in ecosystems affect human health. This interdisciplinary field examines how changes in ecological, physical, social, and economic environments impact human health and wellbeing.

Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry Action

This program supports research on agricultural and forestry practices that take action to improve ecosystem services in a changing world, increase carbon sequestration, and create ecosystems more resilient to climate change through an adaptive management approach rooted in best science.

Restoration Ecology Action

This program supports research that takes action to create resilient ecosystems in a changing world by assisting the recovery of ecosystems that have been degraded, damaged, or destroyed. This includes projects that entail active human intervention and action, and within an adaptive management context. In Indigenous communities, it must incorporate Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK), defined as a cumulative body of knowledge and beliefs, handed down through generations by cultural transmission, about the relationship of living beings (including humans) with one another and with their environment.

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