Discovering Ancient Societies in Portugal
3180

Archaeology & Culture

Discovering Ancient Societies in Portugal

When did ancient Portuguese societies shift to agriculture? Hunter-gatherers and farmers may have coexisted for a brief time here. Unearth the mystery of this transition.


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The facts

Why the research is important

Why the research is important

In the past seven years, scientists have discovered critical clues in analyzing the shift from hunting and gathering to farming and herding.

Researchers seek to understand how individuals changed culturally and physically, how tools and technologies changed during this time, and how burial practices,rituals, and land use differed between the Mesolithic and Neolithic populations.

Researchers have already discovered several sets of human remains at the project site – key findings that have provided insights to the genetic continuity at the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition, enabling a better understanding of past human diets and mobility.

Excavation

Researchers seek to understand how individuals changed between the Mesolithic and Neolithic populations.

Contribute to the conservation of one of Portugal’s National Monuments, the Mesolithic shell mounds of Muge, while finding clues about the transition from the Mesolithic to Neolithic populations. Results from this project will help archaeologists reconstruct the early Holocene cultural and environmental history, and will help us better understand our cultural societies today.

About the research area

Muge, Salvaterra de Magos, Santarém, Portugal, Portugal, Europe & Russia

Daily life in the field

Itinerary

This is a summary:

ACTIVITY LEVEL

VERY EASY

The Scientists

MEET THE LEAD SCIENTIST

Nuno
Bicho
Professor/Director of Interdisciplinary Center for Archaeology and Evolution of Human Behaviour, Universidade do Algarve

ABOUT Nuno Bicho

Dr. Nuno Bicho is the Director of Interdisciplinary Center for Archaeology andEvolution of Human Behaviour located at Universidade do Algarve in Portugal. Nuno studies the shift from dependency of natural and wild resources to the production of foods with agriculture and pastoralism and believes citizen science is fundamental in archaeology.

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